The objective of this study was to provide an epidemiological review of the literature concerning ballet injuries affecting pre-professional ballet dancers. The literature search was limited to published peer-reviewed reports and involved an extensive examination of Scopus, SPORTDiscus,
and CINAHL. The following search terms were used in various combinations: ballet, injury, epidemiology, risk factor, pre-professional, and intervention. Additional citations were located using the ancestry approach. Unlike some other athletic activities that have been the focus of recent intervention
research, there is a paucity of intervention and translational research in pre-professional ballet, and sample sizes have often been small and have not accounted for the multivariate nature of ballet injury. Exposure-based injury rates in this population appear similar to those reported for
professional ballet dancers and female gymnasts. A preponderance of injuries affect the lower extremity of these dancers, with sprains and strains being the most frequent type of injury reported. The majority of injuries appear to be overuse in nature. Injury risk factors have been tested
in multiple studies and indicate a variety of potential injury predictors that may provide useful guidance for future research.
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Document Type: Research Article
Department of Kinesiology and Public Health Education, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, North Dakota 58502, USA. [email protected]
Department of Biology, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, North Dakota, USA
Department of Dance, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon, USA
Faculty of Kinesiology and Applied Health, The University of Winnipeg, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
December 1, 2015
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