The objective of this study was to assemble and synthesize the best available literature from 2004 to 2008 on musculoskeletal injury and pain in dancers. MEDLINE and CINAHL were the primary sources of data. Indexed terms such as dance, dancer, dancing, athletic injuries, occupational
injuries, sprains and strains, musculoskeletal diseases, bone density, menstruation disturbances, and eating disorders were used to search the databases. Citations were screened for relevance using a priori criteria, and relevant studies were critically reviewed for scientific merit by the
best-evidence synthesis method. After screening, 19 articles were found to be scientifically admissible. Data from accepted studies were abstracted into evidence tables relating to: prevalence and associated factors; incidence and risk factors; intervention; and injury characteristics and
prognosis of musculoskeletal injury and pain in dancers. Principal findings included: a high prevalence and incidence of lower extremity, hip and back injuries; preliminary evidence that psychosocial and psychological issues such as stress and coping strategies affect injury frequency and
duration; history of a previous lateral ankle sprain is associated with an increased risk of ankle sprain in the contralateral ankle in dance students; fatigue may play a role in ACL injury in dancers; acute hamstring strains in dancers affect tendon more than muscle tissue, often resulting
in prolonged absence from dance. It is concluded that, while there are positive developments in the literature on the epidemiology, diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, and prevention of MSK injuries and pain in dancers, much room for improvement remains. Suggestions for future research are offered.
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Document Type: Review Article
Artists' Health Centre Research Program at Toronto Western Hospital and in the Division of Clinical Education at Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College, Toronto, Canada
Artists' Health Centre Research Program at Toronto Western Hospital, in the Division of Epidemiology at the Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Canada; Division of Health Care and Outcomes Research, Toronto Western Research Institute, University Health Network, Toronto, Canada
Artists' Health Centre Research Program at Toronto Western Hospital, in the Division of Epidemiology at the Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Canada; Division of Health Care and Outcomes Research, Toronto Western Research Institute, University Health Network. LuCliff Place 700 Bay Street Suite 2201, Toronto, Ontario M5G 1Z6, Canada. [email protected]
June 1, 2012
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