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Open Access Massage Therapy and Relaxation Effects on University Dance Students

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Thirty female university dancers were randomly assigned to a massage therapy or relaxation therapy group. The therapies consisted of 30-minute sessions twice a week for five weeks. Both groups reported less depressed mood and lowered anxiety levels. However, saliva cortisol (stress hormones) decreased only for the massage therapy group. Both groups reported less neck, shoulder, and back pain after the treatment sessions and reduced back pain across the study. However, only the massage therapy group showed increased range of motion across the study, including neck extension and shoulder abduction.

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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: University of Wales-Swansea, Athens, Greece 2: Touch Research University, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, Florida 3: Touch Research Institute, Nova Southeastern University, 3301 College Avenue, Ft. Lauderdale, Florida 33134 4: Dance Division of the New World School of the Arts, Miami, Florida 5: Dean of Dance, Dance Division, New World School of the Arts, Miami, Florida 6: Duke University Medical School, Durham, North Carolina

Publication date: September 1, 1999

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