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Sur le rôle des métaphores en traductologie contemporaine

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Résumé: Loin d'être un substrat de théories 'préscientifiques', la métaphore tra-ductologique conserve sa place et son role dans les théories contemporaines. En tant qu instrument cognitif, elle y accomplit l'interaction entre le théme et des phores choisis dans des domaines comme la psycholinguistique ou la théorie ac-tantielle. Par son extension sémantique, elle engendre des réajustements succes-sifs souvent métaphoriques à leur tour. En tant que procédé argumentatif, la métaphore sert à imposer de nouveaux modéles théoriques; corrélativement, elle sert à marginaliser des modéles antérieurs ou concurrents par une représentation nouvelle de leurs concepts.
Abstract: Instead of being remnants of 'pre-scientific' discourse, the metaphors used in present-day translation theory still seem to fulfil an important role. Their cognitive power is nowadays realized by the interaction between the topic and various vehicles selected in disciplines such as psycholinguistics and transla-tional acting. Through a process of semantic extension, metaphors are then made subject to readjustments which bear often a metaphorical dimension themselves. As a persuasive tool, metaphors serve the purpose of supporting new models, while at the same time they can edge out competing models via new representations of their concepts.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 January 1992

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