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Sprachlenkung oder Sprachpflege? Zur Situation der germanistischen Sprachpflege heute

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SUMMARY Directing a Language or Cultivating It? On German Language Cultivation Today The cultivation of the German language outside Germany is, as is well known, the task of the Goethe Institute. But how is German cultivated at home, that is, within the German-language area? Indeed, is there any need to cultivate a language internally, "intralingually"? And if so, how can language cultivation be organized? In Germany there is no institution corresponding to the Académie française. Finally we may ask the basic question as to the meaning of "language cultivation." What is it? Cultivation of the German language within the large, self-contained community of people whose native language it is? This paper seeks to answer this and other questions. It provides an overview of activities in language cultivation in the two German states and, based upon language cultivation as it is currently practiced, offers for discussion a new definition of language cultivation: a way of directing language that seeks to improve the linguistic competence of the individual speaker through advice on points where he considers improvement necessary. Currently, the most important forms of language cultivation in Germany are through adult education, consultation, and the mass media. RESUMO Direkti au kultivi lingvonP Pri la germanisma lingvokultivado nuntempe La zorgado de la germana lingvo eksterlande estas, kiel konäte, la tasko de Goethe-Instituto. Sed kiel oni kultivas la germanan hejme, t.e., ene de la germanlingva lan-daro? Kaj cu ec necesas kultivi lingvon interne, "enlingve"? Se jes, kiel eblas organizi la lingvokultivadon? En Germanio mankas institucio, responda al Académie française. Fine, ni faru la fundamentan demandon pri la signifo de "lingvokultivado." Kio gi estas? Cu kultivado de la germana lingvo ene de la granda, memstara komunumo de homoj, kies denaska lingvo gi estas? La nuna artikolo provas respondi al tiu kaj aliaj demandoj. Gi provizas superrigardon pri la aktivado en la lingvokultivado en ambau germanaj statoj kaj, surbaze de la lingvokultivado, kiel oni nun flegas gin, ofertas al la diskutado novan difinon de la lingvokultivado: maniero direkti la lingvon, kiu strebas plibonigo la lingvan kompetentecon de la unuopa parolanto per konsilado pri punktoj, kie, lau li, la plibonigo necesas. Nuntempe la plej gravaj formoj de lingvokultivado en Germanio estas per la edukado de plenkreskuloj, per la konsultado kaj per la amasmedioj.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 1984

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