Maître Théodoric, averroïste d’Erfurt du XIVe siècle
We know of three commentaries on Aristotle by Theodoricus de Magdeburg: The Quaestiones super De physica, the Quaestiones super De substantia orbis, and the Quaestiones super De anima. This paper presents an analysis of some of Thedoricus’ s questions with regard to three main topics: (1) Matter and Substance, (2) God (Quaestiones super De physica, super De substantia orbis), and (3) Man and Soul (Quaestiones super De anima). The investigation of the first two works – and of the first two topics respectively – starts with an assessment of their contents. It turns out, however, that Super De physica scarcely differs from super De substantia orbis and that the few differences are rather superficial. Theodoricus’ s Super De anima mainly expounds the theory of the intellect. The analysis concentrates on his role in the debates with other Latin Averroists such as John of Jandun. It is evident that Theodoricus, even in his disagreement with other philosophers, essentially relies on Averroistic thought; but he also strikes out in new directions. These two characteristics of his philosophy – consistency and originality – mark him as an outstanding thinker in the tradition of Latin Averroism.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 2003