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Open Access Reasons for the low bacteriological coverage of tuberculosis reported in Mpumalanga Province, South Africa

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Setting: Public sector hospitals and primary health clinics in the Mpumalanga Province of South Africa.

Objective: To determine whether failure to adhere to tuberculosis (TB) diagnostic guidelines (i.e., submit sputum for smear microscopy) contributed to the low bacteriological coverage reported for TB in 2008 in Mpumalanga Province.

Methods: We reviewed clinical records for new pulmonary TB cases at 30 of 118 randomly selected facilities that met the bacteriological coverage target of 80% and 30/87 facilities that did not. Data for hospital and clinic cases were abstracted into case report forms, captured electronically and compared with data from the electronic TB register (ETR). We assessed age, sex, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and facility type as potential confounders for recording of smear microscopy results.

Results: Age, sex and HIV infection did not influence recording of results. In hospitals, 61.8% of pulmonary TB cases had sputum smear results in their clinical records compared to 93.6% at clinics (P < 0.001). Of the 711 cases (30.3%) that did not have smear results in the ETR, 342 (48.1%) did have smear results in their clinical records.

Conclusion: Both poor clinical practice (especially in hospitals) and poor record keeping have contributed to the low bacteriological coverage reported. These shortcomings need to be addressed to improve patient care and programme management.
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Keywords: hospitals; microscopy; primary care clinics; smear evaluation; smear recording

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Mpumalanga Department of Health, Mpumalanga, South Africa 2: University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa 3: Medical Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa 4: Desmond Tutu TB Centre, Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa

Publication date: June 21, 2015

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  • Public Health Action (PHA), The Union's quarterly Open Access journal, welcomes the submission of articles on operational research. It publishes high-quality scientific research on health services, providing new knowledge on how to improve access, equity, quality and efficiency of health systems and services.

    The Editors will consider any manuscript reporting original research on quality improvements, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, training and capacity building, with a focus on all relevant areas of public health (e.g. infection control, nutrition, TB, HIV, vaccines, smoking, COVID-19, microbial resistance, outbreaks etc).

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