Assessment of stigma associated with tuberculosis in Mexico
Methods: The original scale, developed in English, was linguistically adapted to Spanish and administered to 217 individuals affected by TB in five states in Mexico. The TB-HIV stigma subscales were designed to assess individual and community perspectives. Additional data collected included general information and socio-demographics. Assessment of psychometric properties included basic statistical tests, evaluation of Cronbach's alpha and factor analysis.
Results: We found no significant statistical differences associated with higher stigma scores by location, age, marital status, education and stigma scores. Factor analysis did not create any new factors. Internal consistency reliability coefficients were satisfactory (Cronbach α = 0.876–0.912).
Conclusion: The use of the stigma scales has implications for 1) health improvements, 2) research on stigma and health disparities, and 3) TB and HIV stigma interventions. Further research is needed to examine transferability among larger and randomly selected Span-ish-speaking populations.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: University of Texas at El Paso, Department of Social Work, College of Health Sciences, El Paso, Texas, USA 2: Edinboro University, Speech, Language & Hearing Department, Edinboro, Pennsylvania, USA 3: HIV Center for Clinical and Behavioral Studies, New York State Psychiatric Institute and Columbia University, New York, New York, USA 4: Project Concern International SOLUCION TB, San Diego, California, USA
Publication date: December 21, 2014
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