Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Open Access ‘Cough officer’ nurses in a general medical clinic successfully detect drug-susceptible and -resistant tuberculosis

Download Article:
 Download
(PDF 304 kb)
 
SETTING: Intensive case finding (ICF) for tuberculosis (TB) is recommended by the World Health Organization among known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients. However, ICF may also be appropriate in generalized patient populations.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the yield of ICF in a general medical clinic in a high HIV prevalence setting.

METHODS: A nurse designated as a ‘cough officer’ identified clinic attendees with cough of >2 weeks and collected sputum for evaluation at the hospital and provincial referral laboratories. We retrospectively evaluated the number and proportion of patients with microbiologically confirmed TB identified in 2007–2008.

RESULTS: Among 56 207 clinic attendees, 1442 (2.6%) TB suspects were identified and 122 (8.5%) were sputum Ziehl-Neelsen (ZN) positive. Of 389 available results, 72 (18.5%) were auramine-positive and 99 (25.4%) were culture-positive; multidrug-resistant and extensively drug-resistant TB were identified in 16 (16.2%). The number needed to screen was 11.8 patients to identify one ZN-positive case and 3.9 to identify one culture-positive case.

CONCLUSIONS: A nurse-facilitated cough officer program successfully identified TB suspects and drug-susceptible and drug-resistant TB. Culture was more sensitive for TB screening and critical for identifying drug resistance. ICF is operationally feasible, and should be expanded to general medical clinics in high HIV and TB prevalence, resource-limited settings.
No References
No Citations
No Supplementary Data
No Article Media
No Metrics

Keywords: HIV; South Africa; intensive case finding; rural

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Medicine, Section of Infectious Diseases, AIDS Program, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA 2: Philanjalo Care Centre, Tugela Ferry, South Africa 3: Church of Scotland Hospital, Tugela Ferry, South Africa

Publication date: 21 March 2013

More about this publication?
  • Public Health Action (PHA), The Union's quarterly open access on-line journal, provides a platform for its mission 'Health solutions for the poor'. PHA addresses the need for show-casing operational research that addresses issues in health systems and services. It publishes high-quality scientific research that provides new knowledge to improve access, equity, quality and efficiency of health systems and services.

  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
  • Public Health Action
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more