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First description of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and M. canettii concomitant infection: report of two cases

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We report the first two cases of tuberculous coinfection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis and M. canettii. Both patients were young Djiboutian females with pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). One had a miliary pattern with concomitant human immunodeficiency virus infection. Both recovered completely with a standard four-drug anti-tuberculosis treatment regimen. Due to the different natural reservoirs and routes of infection of these two strains, our study supports the common belief that multiple strains of infection in TB are related to superinfection rather than concomitant infection.
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Keywords: Mycobacterium canettii; coinfection; tuberculosis

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Respiratory Diseases Unit, Hôpital d'Instruction des Armées (HIA) Sainte Anne, Toulon, France, Medecine Unit, Hôpital médico-chirurgical militaire Bouffard, Djibouti City, Djibouti 2: Microbiology Unit, HIA Percy, Clamart, France 3: Anti-Tuberculosis Center, Dr Chakib Saad Omar Hospital, Djibouti City, Djibouti 4: Medecine Unit, Hôpital médico-chirurgical militaire Bouffard, Djibouti City, Djibouti, Infectious Diseases Unit, HIA Begin, Vincennes 5: Equipe Dubow M: Génomique et biodiversité microbienne des biofilms, Universtité Paris Sud, Orsay 6: Medecine Unit, Hôpital médico-chirurgical militaire Bouffard, Djibouti City, Djibouti, Respiratory Diseases Unit, HIA Laveran, Marseille, Groupe pour la recherche et d'enseignement en Pneumo-infectiologie de la Société de Pneumologie de langue française, Paris, France

Publication date: February 1, 2019

This article was made available online on January 24, 2019 as a Fast Track article with title: "First description of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and M. canettii concomitant infection: report of two cases".

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  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

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