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How tuberculosis programs can navigate the world of social health insurance

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Many countries with a high tuberculosis (TB) burden are adopting social health insurance (SHI) schemes. However, the national TB programs (NTPs) of these countries are only just starting to grapple with the effects of SHI on their operations. Here, we review the rationale for analyzing TB programs in light of the changes brought by SHI. We consider the influence of certain purchasing decisions on TB care and prevention, and the opportunities that SHI may present for NTPs to broaden private sector engagement, extract TB data across the health sector, and facilitate quality improvement efforts. We also explore which functions are likely to be performed by SHI systems, which require special attention with the advent of SHI, and the metrics that indicate how much of TB care seeking and treatment can be reached and influenced by SHI. SHI presents certain risks for TB programs, but also opportunities to adapt to a more modern health system and to bring quality TB care and treatment to more people.

Keywords: incentives; purchasing; universal health coverage

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: United States Agency for International Development (USAID), Washington, DC 2: Independent consultant, Seattle, WA, USA 3: USAID, Jakarta, Indonesia

Publication date: January 1, 2019

This article was made available online on November 13, 2018 as a Fast Track article with title: "How tuberculosis programs can navigate the world of social health insurance".

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  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (IJTLD) is for clinical research and epidemiological studies on lung health, including articles on TB, TB-HIV and respiratory diseases such as COVID-19, asthma, COPD, child lung health and the hazards of tobacco and air pollution. Individuals and institutes can subscribe to the IJTLD online or in print – simply email us at [email protected] for details.

    The IJTLD is dedicated to understanding lung disease and to the dissemination of knowledge leading to better lung health. To allow us to share scientific research as rapidly as possible, the IJTLD is fast-tracking the publication of certain articles as preprints prior to their publication. Read fast-track articles.

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