Skip to main content

Myths and realities about knowledge, attitudes and practices of household contacts of tuberculosis patients

Buy Article:

$34.78 + tax (Refund Policy)

SETTING: Five Colombian cities: Villavicencio, Pereira, Cucuta, Bucaramanga and Bosa.

OBJECTIVE: To describe the knowledge, attitudes and practices related to tuberculosis (TB) in household contacts (HHCs) of TB patients.

METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted. The estimated sample size required was 855. The World Health Organization guide ‘Advocacy, communication and social mobilization for TB control: a guide to developing knowledge, attitude and practice surveys' was translated into Spanish and adapted to the dialect of each city. HHCs were invited to participate in the study and included if they agreed.

RESULTS: We interviewed 878 HHCs. Most of them knew that TB was transmitted by airborne droplets; however, 52.2% also said that TB could be transferred from one person to another by sharing plates or clothes or shaking hands. Fifty-five per cent of HHCs acquired TB-related information from health care workers, and 44% from family members and friends. Fear was the main reaction reported by HHCs when they were informed of a TB diagnosis (60%). Eighty-five per cent of HHCs answered that the community rejects or avoids TB cases.

CONCLUSION: There are significant gaps in the knowledge about TB and the stigmatisation associated with it. Educational strategies should be designed together with the community to demystify many misconceptions about TB.

Keywords: attitudes; household contacts; knowledge; practice; tuberculosis

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: International Organization for Migration, Bogotá, Colombia, Pan American Health Organization, Washington DC, USA 2: School of Medicine, Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, Medellin 3: International Organization for Migration, Bogotá, Colombia 4: Facultad Nacional de Salud Pública, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia

Publication date: November 1, 2018

More about this publication?
  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (IJTLD) is for clinical research and epidemiological studies on lung health, including articles on TB, TB-HIV and respiratory diseases such as COVID-19, asthma, COPD, child lung health and the hazards of tobacco and air pollution. Individuals and institutes can subscribe to the IJTLD online or in print – simply email us at [email protected] for details.

    The IJTLD is dedicated to understanding lung disease and to the dissemination of knowledge leading to better lung health. To allow us to share scientific research as rapidly as possible, the IJTLD is fast-tracking the publication of certain articles as preprints prior to their publication. Read fast-track articles.

  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
  • Public Health Action
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content