Depression among multidrug-resistant tuberculosis patients in Punjab, Pakistan: a large cross-sectional study
DESIGN: This cross-sectional study analysed health care service data from 12 treatment sites following a single screening event using the Patient Health Questionnaire 9 (PHQ-9). Logistic regression models were used to identify associations.
RESULTS: Data were collected from 1279 patients with MDR-TB. The proportion of MDR-TB patients with depression was 42.8% (95%CI 40.1–45.5). Rates of depression varied according to duration of treatment, with the highest proportion (53.2%) found in those who were in months 10–12 of treatment. The odds of depression in women were higher than for men (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 1.84, 95%CI 1.46–2.33). The odds of depression were higher in patients living in concrete-built houses than in those living in mud-built houses (aOR 1.37, 95%CI 1.03–1.82).
CONCLUSION: Depression is common in MDR-TB patients, and should be screened for and treated within MDR-TB treatment programmes.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Nuffield Centre for International Health and Development, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK 2: Association for Social Development, Islamabad 3: National TB Control Programme Islamabad, Pakistan
Publication date: July 1, 2018
The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (IJTLD) is for clinical research and epidemiological studies on lung health, including articles on TB, TB-HIV and respiratory diseases such as COVID-19, asthma, COPD, child lung health and the hazards of tobacco and air pollution. Individuals and institutes can subscribe to the IJTLD online or in print – simply email us at [email protected] for details.
The IJTLD is dedicated to understanding lung disease and to the dissemination of knowledge leading to better lung health. To allow us to share scientific research as rapidly as possible, the IJTLD is fast-tracking the publication of certain articles as preprints prior to their publication. Read fast-track articles.
- Editorial Board
- Information for Authors
- Subscribe to this Title
- International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
- Public Health Action
- Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
- Access Key
- Free content
- Partial Free content
- New content
- Open access content
- Partial Open access content
- Subscribed content
- Partial Subscribed content
- Free trial content