Accuracy of an automated system for tuberculosis detection on chest radiographs in high-risk screening
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of computerised detection software in triaging CXRs in a high-throughput digital mobile TB screening programme.
DESIGN: A retrospective evaluation of the software was performed on a database of 38 961 postero-anterior CXRs from unique individuals seen between 2005 and 2010, 87 of whom were diagnosed with TB. The software generated a TB likelihood score for each CXR. This score was compared with a reference standard for notified active pulmonary TB using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and localisation ROC (LROC) curve analyses.
RESULTS: On ROC curve analysis, software specificity was 55.71% (95%CI 55.21–56.20) and negative predictive value was 99.98% (95%CI 99.95–99.99), at a sensitivity of 95%. The area under the ROC curve was 0.90 (95%CI 0.86–0.93). Results of the LROC curve analysis were similar.
CONCLUSION: The software could identify more than half of the normal images in a TB screening setting while maintaining high sensitivity, and may therefore be used for triage.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Diagnostic Image Analysis Group, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, Thirona, Nijmegen, The Netherlands 2: Diagnostic Image Analysis Group, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen 3: Department of Infectious Disease Informatics, Institute of Health Informatics, University College London, London 4: Department of Infectious Disease Informatics, Institute of Health Informatics, University College London, London, Institute of Epidemiology and Health Care, University College London 5: Institute for Global Health, University College London, UK
Publication date: May 1, 2018
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