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Free Content Household air pollution and lung function in Indian adults: a cross-sectional study

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Exposure to air pollution produced by cooking is common in developing countries, and represents a potentially avoidable cause of lung disease. Cross-sectional data were collected by the World Health Organization's Study on Global AGEing and Adult Health conducted in India between 2007 and 2010. Exposure to biomass cooking was also associated with a decrease in forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) (−70 ml, 95%CI −111 to −30) and FEV1/FVC (forced vital capacity) ratio (−0.025, 95%CI −0.035 to –0.015) compared to those who were not exposed. These associations were predominantly observed in males (P < 0.05 for interaction analyses). Intervention studies using non-biomass fuels in India are required to ascertain potential respiratory health benefits.
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Keywords: India; air pollution; cooking; lung function

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK 2: Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK, Halo Medical Foundation, Andur 3: International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai, India 4: Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK

Publication date: 01 June 2017

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  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

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