Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Free Content Immune thrombocytopenia secondary to tuberculosis: a case and review of literature

Download Article:
(PDF 82.5 kb)
Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is an auto-immune condition that results in isolated thrombocytopenia associated with possibly lethal haemorrhage. In its secondary form, ITP can be triggered by many infectious and non-infectious conditions. Secondary ITP associated with tuberculosis (TB) has rarely been described in the literature. We report on a 22-year-old patient presenting with hypermenorrhoea and petechiae due to ITP secondary to tuberculous lymphadenitis. Normalisation of thrombocytopenia was only achieved after initiation of anti-tuberculosis treatment following failure of thrombocyte substitution and immune-modulatory treatment. A search of the literature available on TB-associated ITP identified 50 cases published between 1964 and 2016. We reviewed all cases using suggested case definitions on the likelihood of association between ITP and TB. A broad spectrum of TB sites was reported to be associated with ITP, and anti-tuberculosis treatment was the most effective therapy for platelet count normalisation. Time from initiation of anti-tuberculosis treatment to platelet count recovery ranged from 2 days to 3 months. In endemic regions, TB should be considered as an underlying cause of ITP. Early diagnosis of TB and initiation of anti-tuberculosis treatment appears crucial for rapid platelet count recovery, and can reduce the risks associated with long-term immunosuppression, transfusions and the time at risk for haemorrhage.
No References
No Citations
No Supplementary Data
No Article Media
No Metrics

Keywords: ITP; TB; secondary ITP

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Manipal, India 2: Department of Paediatric Pneumology and Immunology, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany; Berlin Institute of Health, Berlin, Germany 3: Department of Pathology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Manipal, India 4: Department of Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Manipal, India; Manipal McGill Center for Infectious Diseases, Manipal, India

Publication date: 01 April 2017

More about this publication?
  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
  • Public Health Action
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more