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Free Content The global economic burden of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

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Non-communicable diseases are now the number one cause of disabilities and loss of life expectancy. Among them, chronic respiratory conditions constitute a major class. The burden of chronic respiratory diseases is generally increasing across the globe, and asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are among the main causes of mortality and morbidity. However, the direct and indirect costs of these conditions vary across jurisdictions. This article reports on recent estimates of the costs of asthma and COPD, with a focus on comparing disease burden across different regions. Overall, there is tremendous variation in per capita annual costs of asthma and COPD. However, the methodology of the cost-of-illness studies is also vastly different, making it difficult to associate differences in reported costs to differences in the true burden of asthma and COPD. Suggestions are provided towards improving the validity and comparability of future studies.
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Keywords: COPD; asthma; economic burden

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Experimental Medicine Program, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada 2: Department of Medicine, Division of Respiratory Medicine, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada; Institute for HEART + LUNG Health, Department of Medicine (Respiratory Division), The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada; Centre for Clinical Epidemiology and Evaluation, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada 3: Centre for Clinical Epidemiology and Evaluation, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada

Publication date: 01 January 2016

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  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

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