A comparative study of tuberculosis patients initiated on ART and receiving different models of TB-HIV care
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcomes of coinfected patients starting antiretroviral treatment (ART) in a tuberculosis (TB) hospital who received different models of ongoing care.
DESIGN: This cohort study compared outcomes for 271 coinfected patients who started ART in a TB hospital in the Western Cape. After discharge, one group of patients received anti-tuberculosis treatment and ART from different providers, in the same or in different clinics (vertical care). The other group received anti-tuberculosis treatment and ART at the same visit from the same service provider (integrated care). Demographic and clinical data and TB and ART outcomes were compared.
RESULTS: The vertical care model had more unfavourable outcomes for anti-tuberculosis treatment (28.7% vs. 5.9%, P < 0.001) and ART (30.1% vs. 7.4%, P < 0.001) than the integrated care model. The vertical care model showed no difference whether services were provided by two service providers in the same or in geographically separate primary health care clinics.
CONCLUSION: Patient outcomes were better when TB and HIV care was received from the same service provider at the same visit.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Brewelskloof Hospital, Worcester, Western Cape, South Africa 2: Desmond Tutu TB Centre, Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa
Publication date: December 1, 2013
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