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Free Content Intensified tuberculosis case finding among people living with the human immunodeficiency virus in a hospital clinic in Ethiopia [Notes from the field]

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Intensified tuberculosis case finding (ICF) is used in people living with the human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV) to reduce the burden of tuberculosis (TB). We conducted a retrospective study in 300 PLHIV attending an HIV care clinic in Ethiopia to assess ICF performance during a 12-month period. Between 80% and 95% of patients were screened for TB at enrolment and at each 3-month follow-up visit. Thirty-four (11%) patients were diagnosed with TB, of whom 27 (79%) were identified in the first 6 months. This study assessed serial ICF in routine settings, showing that TB screening had its largest diagnostic yield in the first 6 months.
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Keywords: Ethiopia; Intensified case finding; PLHIV

Document Type: Short Communication

Affiliations: 1: International Centre for AIDS Care and Treatment Programme, Columbia University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 2: International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, Paris, France; and Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway 3: International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, Paris, France; and London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, UK

Publication date: March 1, 2011

More about this publication?
  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on lung health world-wide.

    To share scientific research of immediate concern as rapidly as possible, The Union is fast-tracking the publication of certain articles from the IJTLD and publishing them on The Union website, prior to their publication in the Journal. Read fast-track articles.

    Certain IJTLD articles are also selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. These are available on the Union website.

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