Psychosocial factors and susceptibility to or outcome of acute respiratory tract infections [Review article]
METHODS: We performed searches for relevant studies on PubMed, Scopus and PsychInfo.
RESULTS: We identified 44 studies published between 1986 and 2008, examining the role of psychosocial variables and the onset or progression of ARTI. Of these 44 studies, 41 (93.1%) showed at least one statistically significant association between psychosocial variables and susceptibility to ARTI; 20 (45.5%) revealed at least one statistically significant association between psychosocial variables and outcome of ARTI. Variables associated with susceptibility to and outcome of infection were higher levels of perceived stress, negative affect, anxiety and depression. Negative life events were associated with susceptibility to infection.
CONCLUSION: Most of the relevant studies show a significant relationship between psychosocial factors and the onset or progression of acute respiratory tract illness. However, the psychosocial variables were not consistently evaluated across the included studies, and different methodological approaches were used to examine the association between psychosocial factors and acute respiratory tract illness.
Document Type: Review Article
Affiliations: 1: Alfa Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Athens, Greece; Department of Medicine, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA; and Department of Medicine, Henry Dunant Hospital, Athens, Greece 2: Alfa Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Athens, Greece 3: Alfa Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Athens, Greece; and Department of Medicine, Henry Dunant Hospital, Athens, Greece
Publication date: February 1, 2010
The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (IJTLD) is for clinical research and epidemiological studies on lung health, including articles on TB, TB-HIV and respiratory diseases such as COVID-19, asthma, COPD, child lung health and the hazards of tobacco and air pollution. Individuals and institutes can subscribe to the IJTLD online or in print – simply email us at [email protected] for details.
The IJTLD is dedicated to understanding lung disease and to the dissemination of knowledge leading to better lung health. To allow us to share scientific research as rapidly as possible, the IJTLD is fast-tracking the publication of certain articles as preprints prior to their publication. Read fast-track articles.
- Editorial Board
- Information for Authors
- Subscribe to this Title
- International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
- Public Health Action
- Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
- Access Key
- Free content
- Partial Free content
- New content
- Open access content
- Partial Open access content
- Subscribed content
- Partial Subscribed content
- Free trial content