Genetic analysis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains isolated in Ural region, Russian Federation, by MIRU-VNTR genotyping
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the population of M. tuberculosis strains circulating in the Ural region, to detect the predominant genotypes and to evaluate their phylogenetic relationship and epidemiological significance.
DESIGN: Ninety-two M. tuberculosis clinical samples originating from the Ural region were genotyped using the MIRU-VNTR method.
RESULTS: Two major phylogenetically distinct groups of isolates were identified: the W-Beijing family (54.3%) and a previously unreported cluster, named the Ural group (15.2%). Forty-seven different MIRU profiles were identified, including 38 unique (41.3%) and 54 isolates grouped into nine clusters (from 2 to 28 isolates in each cluster). Genetic diversity within the clusters was shown by additional sub-typing of M. tuberculosis isolates in nine additional QUB-VNTR loci.
CONCLUSION: W-Beijing family isolates are associated with multiresistance to anti-tuberculosis drugs. It is possible that the strains of this family play a significant role in the spread of multidrug-resistant TB over the Ural region.
Document Type: Regular Paper
Affiliations: 1: Ural State Aleksei Maksimovich Gorky University, Ekaterinburg, Russian Federation 2: Ural Research Institute for Phthisiopulmonology, Ekaterinburg, Russian Federation 3: Public Health Research Institute (PHRI) TB Center, International Center for Public Health, Newark, New Jersey, USA
Publication date: July 1, 2005
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