Pentaglobin in steroid-resistant severe acute respiratory syndrome
OBJECTIVE: To attempt to determine the clinical efficacy of pentaglobin, an IgM-enriched immunoglobulin preparation, on 12 severe SARS patients who continued to deteriorate despite corticosteroid and ribavirin therapy.
DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of daily quantitative and radiographic data on the cohort in a regional teaching hospital.
RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: There was significant improvement in radiographic scores, when compared with day 1, on days 5, 6 and 7 (P < 0.05) after commencement of pentaglobin treatment. Similarly, there was significant improvement in oxygen requirement, when compared with day 1, on days 6 and 7 (P < 0.05) after commencement of pentaglobin treatment. There were no reported adverse events attributable to pentaglobin administration. Ten patients made an uneventful recovery after treatment. One elderly man died from cardiorespiratory arrest despite clinical and radiological improvement, and another patient is making good progress. Pentaglobin is safe and probably effective in the treatment of steroid-resistant SARS. A double-blind placebo-controlled study should therefore be considered.
Document Type: Regular Paper
Affiliations: 1: Department of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China 2: Department of Diagnostic Radiology, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China 3: Department of Microbiology, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China 4: Guangzhou Institute of Respiratory Diseases, Guangzhou, China
Publication date: 01 October 2004
The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.
Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website
- Editorial Board
- Information for Authors
- Subscribe to this Title
- International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
- Public Health Action
- Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites