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Free Content Epidemiology of tuberculosis in Kuwait from 1965 to 1999

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BACKGROUND: After several decades of continuous decline, the incidence of tuberculosis (TB) has increased over the last 10 years in several regions of the world. No reports have been published describing the epidemiology of TB in Kuwait.

OBJECTIVES: To examine the trend of TB in Kuwait from 1965 to 1999 and analyse the factors associated with this trend.

METHODS: Annual reports of the Kuwait central TB unit were examined. Tuberculosis registers recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (IUATLD), which were available for the years 1998 and 1999, were also examined.

RESULTS: The notification rate of TB for the whole population has declined from 259 per 100000 in 1965 to 24/100000 in 1999. There has been a steeper decline among Kuwaiti nationals, from 355/100000 in 1965 to 14/100000 in 1999. The average annual rate of decline in all cases of TB among Kuwaiti nationals was 11.9% from 1965 to 1976, and 11.0% from 1976 to 1989, but there was a slight rise of 4.3% per year from 1989 to 1999. The average annual rate of decline in all cases of TB among non-nationals was 6.3% from 1965 to 1976, and 8.3% from 1976 to 1989, but there was a rise of 2.3% per year from 1989 to 1999.

CONCLUSION: Tuberculosis in Kuwait declined steadily from 1965 to 1989. Since 1989 there has been a slight rise in TB incidence in Kuwait among both Kuwaiti nationals and non-nationals.
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Keywords: Kuwait; epidemiology; tuberculosis

Document Type: Regular Paper

Affiliations: 1: Department of Medicine, Kuwait University, Kuwait 2: Tuberculosis Control Unit, Kuwait 3: The International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, Paris, France

Publication date: June 1, 2002

More about this publication?
  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on lung health world-wide.

    To share scientific research of immediate concern as rapidly as possible, The Union is fast-tracking the publication of certain articles from the IJTLD and publishing them on The Union website, prior to their publication in the Journal. Read fast-track articles.

    Certain IJTLD articles are also selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. These are available on the Union website.

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