Treatment outcome among Rwandan and Burundian refugees with sputum smear-positive tuberculosis in Ngara, Tanzania
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the treatment outcome of sputum smear-positive tuberculosis cases recruited in refugee camps in Ngara, and to determine the cumulative frequency of conversion of sputum smears by direct microscopy.
DESIGN: Retrospective review of tuberculosis registers from January 1995 to December 1999.
RESULTS: Of 546 patients with smear-positive tuberculosis who were notified in the programme, 363 (66.5%) had completed treatment and were bacteriologically cured after 7 months, 10.9% had died, 7.1% had defaulted and 14.5% had transferred out. Sputum conversion after the 2-month intensive phase was 88%, and increased to 99% after 7 months of chemotherapy.
CONCLUSION: The involvement of the Tanzania NTLP in collaboration with health NGOs has led to a satisfactory outcome. These data suggest that it is possible for tuberculosis control programmes to perform successfully in refugee settings.
Document Type: Regular Paper
Affiliations: 1: Norwegian PeopleÕs Aid (NPA), Greater Lukole Camp Hospital, Ngara, Tanzania 2: Regional TB/Leprosy Co-ordinator, Kagera, Tanzania
Publication date: July 1, 2001
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