Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Free Content Bioavailability of rifampicin, isoniazid and pyrazinamide in a triple drug formulation: comparison of plasma and urine kinetics

Download Article:
 Download
(PDF 67.7 kb)
 
SETTING: The present study assesses bioavailability indices for rifampicin, isoniazid and pyrazinamide when administered to healthy volunteers separately or in a fixed triple-drug formulation, Rifater 125 SCT.

OBJECTIVE: To compare the pharmacokinetics of rifampicin, isoniazid and pyrazinamide based on their blood concentrations up to 12 hours with the proportions of the doses of the drugs and their metabolites excreted in urine up to 12 hours, and to assess the bioavailability indices for the free and fixed triple drug formulations.

DESIGN: An open cross-over study was conducted in 18 healthy volunteers with normal hepatic and renal functions to whom the drug combinations were administered in free and fixed dose formulations a week apart, to the same subject.

RESULTS: Concentrations of the three drugs/metabolites were assessed in blood and urine. The results indicated the absence of negative pharmacokinetic interactions between the drugs when administered in both the free and the new fixed triple drug formulation.

CONCLUSION: Human bioavailability studies provide direct straightforward information, particularly when studying compounds such as rifampicin and other major anti-tuberculosis drugs. The results of the present study indicate that the pharmacokinetic properties of rifampicin, isoniazid and pyrazinamide as assessed after individual and combined administration do not change when combined in a single pharmaceutical preparation. The bioavailability indices calculated based on plasma concentrations and urinary levels for all three drugs compared well.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics

Keywords: anti-tuberculosis drugs; bioavailability; plasma; urine

Document Type: Regular Paper

Affiliations: 1: Tuberculosis Research Centre, Indian Council of Medical Research, Chennai, India 2: Institute of Pharmacology, Chennai Medical College, Chennai, India

Publication date: February 1, 1999

More about this publication?
  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on lung health world-wide.

    To share scientific research of immediate concern as rapidly as possible, The Union is fast-tracking the publication of certain articles from the IJTLD and publishing them on The Union website, prior to their publication in the Journal. Read fast-track articles.

    Certain IJTLD articles are also selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. These are available on the Union website.

  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
  • Public Health Action
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more