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Open Access Camera System Performance Derived from Natural Scenes

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The Modulation Transfer Function (MTF) is a wellestablished measure of camera system performance, commonly employed to characterize optical and image capture systems. It is a measure based on Linear System Theory; thus, its use relies on the assumption that the system is linear and stationary. This is not the case with modern-day camera systems that incorporate non-linear image signal processes (ISP) to improve the output image. Nonlinearities result in variations in camera system performance, which are dependent upon the specific input signals.

This paper discusses the development of a novel framework, designed to acquire MTFs directly from images of natural complex scenes, thus making the use of traditional test charts with set patterns redundant. The framework is based on extraction, characterization and classification of edges found within images of natural scenes. Scene derived performance measures aim to characterize non-linear image processes incorporated in modern cameras more faithfully. Further, they can produce ‘live’ performance measures, acquired directly from camera feeds.
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Keywords: Camera System; Imaging System; MTF; Modulation Transfer Function; Natural Scene; Performance; SFR; Spatial Frequency Response

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 26, 2020

This article was made available online on January 26, 2020 as a Fast Track article with title: "Application of ISO standard methods to optical design for image capture".

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  • For more than 30 years, the Electronic Imaging Symposium has been serving those in the broad community - from academia and industry - who work on imaging science and digital technologies. The breadth of the Symposium covers the entire imaging science ecosystem, from capture (sensors, camera) through image processing (image quality, color and appearance) to how we and our surrogate machines see and interpret images. Applications covered include augmented reality, autonomous vehicles, machine vision, data analysis, digital and mobile photography, security, virtual reality, and human vision. IS&T began sole sponsorship of the meeting in 2016. All papers presented at EIs 20+ conferences are open access.

    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

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