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Open Access A CNN adapted to time series for the classification of Supernovae

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Cosmologists are facing the problem of the analysis of a huge quantity of data when observing the sky. The methods used in cosmology are, for the most of them, relying on astrophysical models, and thus, for the classification, they usually use a machine learning approach in two-steps, which consists in, first, extracting features, and second, using a classifier. In this paper, we are specifically studying the supernovae phenomenon and especially the binary classification “I.a supernovae versus not-I.a supernovae”. We present two Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) defeating the current state-of-the-art. The first one is adapted to time series and thus to the treatment of supernovae light-curves. The second one is based on a Siamese CNN and is suited to the nature of data, i.e. their sparsity and their weak quantity (small learning database).
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Keywords: CNN; Classification; Cosmology; Deep learning; Signal processing; Supernovae

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 13, 2019

This article was made available online on January 13, 2019 as a Fast Track article with title: "A CNN adapted to time series for the classification of supernovae".

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    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

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