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Open Access Gaze Patterns in Art Viewing and their Dependencies on Expertise and Image Characteristics

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To understand if art experts and novices view paintings differently, we conducted a series of experiments where we asked participants to look at digital images of paintings while we recorded their eye movements. The expert participants were recruited among students and faculty studying or practicing art. Novice participants did not study art-related disciplines. Half of the participants in each group received a free viewing instruction. The second half was told that they would be asked questions about the images they viewed. Gaze trajectories (scanpaths) were recorded using an SMI remote red 250 eye tracker. To analyze the differences between art viewing patterns of experts and novices, and for different instruction conditions, we employed Recurrence Quantification Analysis (RQA), which was successfully used in previous research [5] to reveal the influence of expertise in medical image viewing.

Our results indicate that expertise was, indeed, a significant factor influencing eye viewing patterns in terms of several extracted RQA measures. The instruction condition and painting type were also significant.

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Keywords: ART VIEWING; EXPERTISE; EYE TRACKING; GAZE PATTERNS

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 29, 2017

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  • For more than 30 years, the Electronic Imaging Symposium has been serving those in the broad community - from academia and industry - who work on imaging science and digital technologies. The breadth of the Symposium covers the entire imaging science ecosystem, from capture (sensors, camera) through image processing (image quality, color and appearance) to how we and our surrogate machines see and interpret images. Applications covered include augmented reality, autonomous vehicles, machine vision, data analysis, digital and mobile photography, security, virtual reality, and human vision. IS&T began sole sponsorship of the meeting in 2016. All papers presented at EIs 20+ conferences are open access.

    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

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