Spectral Vector Error Diffusion - Promising Road or Dead End?
Spectral vector error diffusion has been used to reproduce 1000 spectral targets, all within the spectral gamut of the printing system. The resulting color patches have been printed in various print resolutions, using a 10-colorant inkjet printing system. The experimental results reveal a remarkably large difference between the reproduction errors for the printed samples compared to the simulated spectra from the digital halftones. The results show a strong relation between the print resolution and the magnitude of the reproduction error, with lower resolutions giving smaller errors, due to the effect of dot gain in the printing process. The experimental results imply that in its current form, without compensation for physical and optical dot gain, spectral vector error diffusion produces unacceptable spectral and colorimetric reproduction errors, for any print resolutions used in practice.
The results further show that the sVED method in many cases produces color patches that appear noisy and visually unpleasant. By replacing the spectral RMS difference with the ΔE94 color difference as criterion in the sVED algorithm, the graininess as well as the resulting color difference was decreased. However, the improvements in colorimetric performance and more visually pleasant reproductions, comes at the cost of an increase in spectral reproduction errors.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 2012
CIC is the premier annual technical gathering for scientists, technologists, and engineers working in the areas of color science and systems, and their application to color imaging. Participants represent disciplines ranging from psychophysics, optical physics, image processing, color science to graphic arts, systems engineering, and hardware and software development. While a broad mix of professional interests is the hallmark of these conferences, the focus is color. CICs traditionally offer two days of short courses followed by three days of technical sessions that include three keynotes, an evening lecture, a vibrant interactive (poster) papers session, and workshops. An endearing symbol of the meeting is the Cactus Award, given each year to the author(s) of the best interactive paper; there are also Best Paper and Best Student Paper awards.
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