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Saliency Map for Human Gaze Prediction in Still Images

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Under natural viewing conditions humans tend to fixate on specific parts of the image that interests them naturally. Understanding the mechanisms of the human visual attention may benefit numerous applications in a various fields of engineering, marketing and art such as image quality evaluation, label design, human computer interaction, etc.

Saliency map, proposed by Dirk Walther et al., represents the regions which are more prominent than other regions in terms of low level image properties such as intensity, color and orientation. We propose in this paper to modify this saliency map algorithm to account for one high-level feature, human faces, to better mimic the natural human attention and compare it to gaze maps obtained experimentally. The fixations of the gaze map are compared with the most salient regions of the saliency map. The factors that influence the relationship between the saliency maps and gaze maps are analyzed. Gaze map analysis was done for 20 test subjects using eye tracking device as they were shown a set of 190 images.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2008

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  • CIC is the premier annual technical gathering for scientists, technologists, and engineers working in the areas of color science and systems, and their application to color imaging. Participants represent disciplines ranging from psychophysics, optical physics, image processing, color science to graphic arts, systems engineering, and hardware and software development. While a broad mix of professional interests is the hallmark of these conferences, the focus is color. CICs traditionally offer two days of short courses followed by three days of technical sessions that include three keynotes, an evening lecture, a vibrant interactive (poster) papers session, and workshops. An endearing symbol of the meeting is the Cactus Award, given each year to the author(s) of the best interactive paper; there are also Best Paper and Best Student Paper awards.

    Please note: for Purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

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