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Spectral Imaging Target Development Based on Hierarchical Cluster Analysis

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Agglomerative hierarchical cluster analysis was used to group similar spectra from a large database of samples. Based on angles between reflectance vectors of members of a cluster, a reflectance vector was selected as representative of that cluster. Representative samples were grouped together and stored as new calibration targets. Simulated wide-band imaging with glass filters was performed using these new calibration targets and a transformation matrix from digital signals to reflectance was derived. Different verification targets were reconstructed using the transformation matrix; the spectral and colorimetric accuracy of the reconstruction was evaluated. It was shown that beyond a threshold number of samples in the calibration target, the performance of reconstruction became independent of the number of samples used in the calculation. The average spectral RMS for a calibration target consisting of 24 samples selected based on clustering were found to be less than 3.2% for GretagMacbeth ColorChecker DC, GretagMacbeth ColorChecker Rendition Chart, and Esser Test Chart TE221.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2004

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  • CIC is the premier annual technical gathering for scientists, technologists, and engineers working in the areas of color science and systems, and their application to color imaging. Participants represent disciplines ranging from psychophysics, optical physics, image processing, color science to graphic arts, systems engineering, and hardware and software development. While a broad mix of professional interests is the hallmark of these conferences, the focus is color. CICs traditionally offer two days of short courses followed by three days of technical sessions that include three keynotes, an evening lecture, a vibrant interactive (poster) papers session, and workshops. An endearing symbol of the meeting is the Cactus Award, given each year to the author(s) of the best interactive paper; there are also Best Paper and Best Student Paper awards.

    Please note: for Purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

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