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Spectral Reflectance of Skin Color and its Applications to Color Appearance Modeling

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Fifty-four spectral reflectances of skin colors (facial pattern of Japanese women) were measured and analyzed by the principal component analysis. The results indicate that the reflectance spectra can be estimated approximately 99% by only three principal components. Based on the experimental results, it is shown that the spectral reflectance of all pixels in skin can be calculated from the R, G, B signals of HDTV (High Definition Television) camera.

Computer simulations of color reproduction in skin color have been developed in both colorimetric color reproduction and color appearance models by von Kries, LAB and Fairchild. The obtained color reproduction in facial pattern and skin color patch under different illuminants are analyzed. Those reproduced color images were compared by memory matching method. The difference of appearance models is described and the difference of appearance between skin color patch and facial pattern is also discussed and analyzed.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 1996

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  • CIC is the premier annual technical gathering for scientists, technologists, and engineers working in the areas of color science and systems, and their application to color imaging. Participants represent disciplines ranging from psychophysics, optical physics, image processing, color science to graphic arts, systems engineering, and hardware and software development. While a broad mix of professional interests is the hallmark of these conferences, the focus is color. CICs traditionally offer two days of short courses followed by three days of technical sessions that include three keynotes, an evening lecture, a vibrant interactive (poster) papers session, and workshops. An endearing symbol of the meeting is the Cactus Award, given each year to the author(s) of the best interactive paper; there are also Best Paper and Best Student Paper awards.

    Please note: for Purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

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