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Surface chromaticity distributions of natural objects under changing illumination

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The problem of colour constancy is ill-posed. In order to extract surface reflectance accurately from the received colour signal, the visual system must rely on pre-imposed constraints based on properties of the natural world. Here we investigate the surface chromaticity distributions of 7 natural objects under 3 illuminations (D65, CWF and F), using a characterized Nikon D70 SLR camera. We find that these object surfaces exhibit intrinsic chromatic textures and provide a large number of reflectance samples on their own. The information may thereby be utilized to improve colour constancy over that achievable with artificial surfaces possessing single or limited chromaticities. By analyzing the pattern of the chromaticity distributions under changing illumination, we find that the distributions of within-surface cone contrasts for given objects form distinct signatures in cone-contrast space. These signatures transform predictably under changes in illumination. We suggest that this feature may be utilized to aid colour constancy.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2008

More about this publication?
  • Started in 2002 and merged with the Color and Imaging Conference (CIC) in 2014, CGIV covered a wide range of topics related to colour and visual information, including color science, computational color, color in computer graphics, color reproduction, volor vision/psychophysics, color image quality, color image processing, and multispectral color science. Drawing papers from researchers, scientists, and engineers worldwide, DGIV offered attendees a unique experience to share with colleagues in industry and academic, and on national and international standards committees. Held every year in Europe, DGIV papers were more academic in their focus and had high student participation rates.

    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual papers for details.

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