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Clave-direction analysis: A new arena for educational and creative applications of music technology

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Music Information Research abounds with work on the recognition of style, genre, composer and singer, and the detection of beat, tempo, metre and even emotion. However, some musical attributes remain unexplored. One of these, clave direction, is a rhythmic principle found throughout Latin American music. The purpose of this article is to introduce the significance and potential pedagogical role of automated clave-direction identification, to propose a system-level implementation and to suggest application areas that may benefit performers, educators, students and industry. Clave direction is an inherent feature of rhythmic patterns, not just of the standard sequences commonly associated with clave. Technological aids to composition, arranging, education, search and music production are needed for a growing population of musicians. Existing and developing methods of music technology can be used to fulfil this need. Target applications include rhythmtraining equipment, recording and sequencing software, auto-accompaniment and automated querying of databases or the Internet.
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Keywords: MIDI; clave; intelligent accompaniment; machine listening; music education; music information research; music theory; partido-alto; rhythm

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Portland State University

Publication date: August 26, 2011

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  • The Journal of Music, Technology and Education (JMTE) explores the issues concerning the use of technology in music education. It examines pedagogy at all levels and across genres such as composition, musicology, performance and music production. It is the only journal specifically dedicated to the educational aspects of music technology and the technological aspects of music. Peer-reviewed, with an international editorial board, JMTE aims to draw its contributions from a broad community of educators, researchers and practitioners who are working closely with new technologies in the fields of music education and music technology education.
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