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A Review of Human Reliability Programs for Nuclear Security

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Human Reliability Program (HRP) is a set of procedures, protocols, and the corresponding performance of activities to support and sustain the secure and safe operation of a facility. Our review indicated that HRP is referred to by various names, such as, Personnel Reliability Program (PRP), Trustworthiness Program, and Fitness for Duty Program, with PRP being the most common amongst them. A brief description of the evolution of HRP and its components for Finland, Japan, Jordan, Nigeria, Russia, US, and UK is provided. Details of the Trustworthiness Program by the International Atomic Energy Agency are also provided. Most of the HRPs have similar components and implementation steps with few variations, and they all have identical objectives. Even though a structured HRP may not exist in Indian civil nuclear energy facilities, an account of various HRP components practiced in India is discussed. The HRP review provided should help security practitioners and academics.

Keywords: HUMAN RELIABILITY PROGRAMS COMPARISON; MEDICAL EXAMINATION; NUCLEAR SECURITY AND SAFETY; TRAINING/RETRAINING; UNUSUAL BEHAVIOR OBSERVATION

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: February 1, 2022

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  • The Journal of Nuclear Materials Management (JNMM) is the official journal of the Institute of Nuclear Materials Management. JNMM is a peer-reviewed, multidisciplinary journal that publishes articles on new developments, innovations, and trends in safeguards and management of nuclear materials. Specific areas of interest include facilityĆ½operations, international safeguards, materials control and accountability, nonproliferation and arms control, packaging, transportation and disposition, and physical protection.
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