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Case study: Noise reduction of a vacuum-assisted toilet

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Flushing a vacuum-assisted toilet generates noise levels that can be disturbing both to users and those nearby. Peak radiated noise levels correlate with the time when the valve opens and closes, while the noise levels when the valve is com- pletely open are also relatively high. Significant noise ranges between 300 Hz and 3000 Hz. It was hypothesized that increasing the in-tube distance between the flush valve and the bowl in addition to increasing the bend radius of the tube would reduce radiated noise levels. These modifications resulted in a reduction of about 14 dB in the radiated noise during the valve opening and closing in ad- dition to a reduction of about 5 dB while the valve is completely opened. Inter- mediate results of varying the tube length and bend radius are presented to show their effects on the radiated sound levels. Two tube inserts were designed to fit (1) underneath and (2) behind the toilet in a compact manner. They were tested to show that they maintain noise control performance without modifying any other part of the toilet.

Keywords: 21.6.6; 37.4

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Physics and Astronomy, Brigham Young University

Publication date: July 1, 2020

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