The Recurrent Model of Bodily Spatial Phenomenology
In this paper, we introduce and defend the recurrent model for understanding bodily spatial phenomenology. While Longo, Azañón and Haggard (2010) propose a bottom-up model, Bermúdez (2017) emphasizes the top-down aspect of the information processing loop. We argue that both are only half of the story. Section 1 introduces what the issues are. Section 2 starts by explaining why the topdown, descending direction is necessary with the illustration from the 'body-based tactile rescaling' paradigm (de Vignemont, Ehrsson and Haggard, 2005). It then argues that the bottom-up, ascending direction is also necessary, and substantiates this view with recent research on skin space and tactile field (Haggard et al., 2017). Section 3 discusses the model's application to body ownership and bodily self-representation. Implications also extend to topics such as sense modality individuation (Macpherson, 2011), the constancybased view of perception (Burge, 2010), and the perception/cognition divide (Firestone and Scholl, 2016).
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