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Architectural ceramics influenced by structured materials

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The possibility of using digital processes to develop and deploy individual, prototypical and shape-optimized structures motivates architects to explore the use of Additive Manufacturing (AM) and its formal and structural capabilities. Although the AM with materials like polymers and concrete have been intensively explored, these results cannot be directly transferred to other traditional contruction materials like ceramics because of a different physical behavior. This paper proposes to explore formal and mechanical properties of ceramics in order to improve its structural performance for innovative applications in architecture. Furthermore, structurally efficient cellular configurations are investigated due to its resource performance. Case-studies are presented in order to re-interpret them in analog 3D-printed structures, so called ‘structured materials’ in nature (namely honeycomb-like, foam-like, sandwich panels). After the analysis of the case-studies, the methodology involves computational models in order to achieve a family of customized possible design solutions. With the digital workflow this research attempts to optimize the final designs by reducing material and weight, while increasing structural integrity.
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Keywords: aditive manufacturing; architectural ceramics; conceptual design; digital fabricarion; morphology; optimization; structured materials

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: RWTH Aachen University, Faculty of Architecture, Chair of Structures and Structural Design Schinkelstraße 1, 52062 Aachen, Germany, Email: [email protected] 2: RWTH Aachen University, Faculty of Architecture, Chair of Structures and Structural Design Schinkelstraße 1, 52062 Aachen, Germany

Publication date: October 7, 2019

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  • The Proceedings of IASS Annual Symposia include the articles presented at each symposium. They are grouped by thematic sessions. These limited-length conference papers are reviewed and selected by the Scientific or Technical Committee of each symposium, and generally only those actually presented orally at the conference are included. Although the metadata for the papers is available to the public, only members of the IASS can view the full papers, for which the author(s) hold the copyright. Further information about the projects or research should be sought from the author(s).
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