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Prefabricated Bamboo Structure and Textile Canvas Pavilions

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This article presents a new typology to build deployable pavilions based on a mobile self-stabilizing bamboo structure. The architecture is characterized by lightweight space trusses of treated bamboo poles covered with a bio-composite made of cotton fabrics, clay, PVA glue and castor oil polymer. The connections of the deployable structure were developed using textile moorings, that minimized efforts on the assembly of the structural members. The roof consists of bamboo pantograph gridshells covered by tensioned PVC canvas. The assembling procedure employs prefabricated structural modules prepared on the floor of the building site and then lifted manually by a set of projected elevators. The method presents a simplified mounting and dismantling process of the structure. The proposed bamboo structure presents an easy adaptability without the need of a specific construction site for its assembly and needs only a mounting area. The mobility of the pavilion, the manufacturing techniques and the natural materials favored the design of new forms for construction, with clean use of local spaces. These considerations resulted in an agile execution with minimum waste, in addition to low energy consumption and low environmental impact for the production of the structure.

Keywords: BAMBOO; BIO-COMPOSITES; DEPLOYABLE STRUCTURES; PAVILIONS; SPACE TRUSSES; SUSTAINABLE TECHNOLOGIES

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: September 1, 2016

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  • The Journal of the IASS is the peer-reviewed, quarterly journal of the International Association for Shell and Spatial Structures. The journal mainly presents technical papers and project reports submitted by members or nonmembers of the IASS. Typically, one issue per year focuses on a special topic arranged by guest editors. Additional articles annually include the four Hangai Prize winning papers and Tsuboi Proceedings Award contribution from the IASS annual symposium. Finally, additional content includes announcements of events and memorial statements of distinguished IASS members.
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