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A value-at-risk approach to commercial real estate portfolio stress testing at US community banks


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The December 2006 federal regulatory guidance on commercial real estate (CRE) requires banks with significant concentrations in CRE lending to employ appropriate risk-management techniques to measure and manage the risk. Using vector autoregression techniques on historical CRE foreclosure rates, the authors develop a value-at-risk CRE portfolio stress-test methodology. They document the build-up of CRE concentrations in bank loan portfolios and explain how banks can use a spreadsheet-based simulation methodology to measure their portfolio risk across the entire loan portfolio.

Keywords: commercial real estate; community banks; portfolio stress testing; value at risk; vector autoregression

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: December 1, 2011

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  • Journal of Risk Management in Financial Institutions is the essential professional and research journal for all those involved in the management of risk at retail and investment banks, investment managers, broker-dealers, hedge funds, exchanges, central banks, financial regulators and depositories, as well as service providers, advisers, researchers and academics. Guided by expert Editors and an eminent Editorial Board, each quarterly 100-page issue does not publish advertising but rather in-depth articles, reviews and applied research by leading professionals and researchers in the field on six key inter-related areas: strategic and business risk, financial risk, including traditional/exotic credit, market and liquidity risks, operational risk, regulatory and legal risks, systemic risk, and sovereign risk.

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