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Automated teller machine fraud in south-west Nigeria: Victim typologies, victimisation strategies and fraud prevention


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Extant studies have not examined the unintended consequences of automated teller machine (ATM) subscription, particularly factors making individuals susceptible to fraud. To address this gap in the literature, this study investigated ATM fraud victims in south-west Nigeria. Using the in-depth interview method, data were collected from 20 victims of ATM fraud in the states of Lagos and Oyo. The results showed that victims were young, elderly and included both males and females. Fraudsters were typically lovers, friends, relatives and sometimes the children of the victims. Card cloning, card swapping and physical attacks at ATMs were reported tactics for defrauding. Vulnerability factors included illiteracy, ill health, routine activity and time of withdrawal. As means of mitigating fraud, it was found that banks employed an assortment of strategies including, but not limited to, improvements in staff welfare, stringent penalties for culpable staff and enhanced fraud awareness through customer alerts. The paper reveals the limits of trust in cashless policy. It raises salient policy issues concerning the need for the governance of trust to engender adoption and ensure victim compensation.

Keywords: fraud, victimisation, cashless policy

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: March 1, 2017

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  • Journal of Payments Strategy & Systems publishes peer-reviewed articles and case studies analysing best practice, emerging issues and new thinking in how to develop a profitable, customer-focused payments strategy. It examines major issues facing the corporate, wholesale and retail payments industry from a business, risk and operational perspective.

    Edited by renowned payments expert Alec Nacamuli and guided by an eminent Editorial Board, each quarterly 100-page issue provides practical, detailed analysis of developments and trends in the payments business, regulation, new entrants and technologies and how to bring them all together to define your payments strategy, as well as actionable advice and ‘lessons learned’ from fellow professionals on how payment processing systems can be leveraged to maximise profitability, security and efficiency and minimise risk. It contains no advertising and no advertorial.

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