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Internet of things data protection and privacy in the era of the General Data Protection Regulation

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The emerging internet of things (IoT) technology has immense potential for unprecedented business offerings in various domains. To provide reliable IoT products and services that comply with regulatory demands, businesses must meet users’ data protection and privacy needs. With the General Data Protection Regulation (GPDR) coming into force from 24th May, 2016 and applicable from 25th May, 2018, IoT businesses must strategise privacy alignment for their products or services by incorporating in their design the privacy and data protection capabilities necessary for regulatory compliance and gaining user trust. This paper discusses the associated data protection and user privacy concerns, making reference to such IoT service offerings as smart retail, the smart home, smart wearables, smart health devices, smart television and smart toys. The three steps to privacy alignment strategy discussed in this paper comprise the privacy inquisition (PI) analysis model, the IoT privacy impact assessment (iPIA) and the privacy state transition process through which IoT businesses pass on their path to attaining ‘perfect alignment’ with respect to the GDPR data protection requirements and user privacy needs. Privacy inquisition, iPIA and privacy state transition should be performed on a periodic basis, preferably under the guidance of a privacy governance board with supervisory authority and representation from the organisation’s board of directors, the controller and the data protection officer.
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Keywords: GDPR; IoT privacy; data protection; internet of things; privacy alignment strategy; privacy inquisition analysis; privacy transition state

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: December 1, 2016

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  • Journal of Data Protection & Privacy publishes in-depth, peer-reviewed articles, case studies and applied research on all aspects of data protection, information security and privacy issues across the European Union and other jurisdictions, in the wake of the new EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) and the biggest change in data protection and privacy for two decades.
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