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Open Access Anti-proliferative and anti-invasive effects of garcinol from Garcinia indica on gallbladder carcinoma cells

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Garcinol, a natural histone acetyltransferase inhibitor, has been reported to exhibit significant anti-proliferative activity in various cancer cell types. However, no information is available about the anti-cancer effects of garcinol on gallbladder carcinoma cells (GBC). In this study, GBC cells (GBC-SD and NOZ) were treated by garcinol and subjected to Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8), and GBC-SD cells were selected for further transwell chamber assay, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blot analysis. Our results indicated that garcinol could significantly inhibit the growth of GBC cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner. It also inhibited the invasion of GBC-SD cells in a dose-dependent manner. Garcinol treatment decreased the activity of matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2) and MMP9 by the downregulation of mRNA levels, and these two enzymes are critical to tumor invasion. Treatment with garcinol also decreased Stat3 and Akt activation in GBC-SD cells. Taken together, the effects of garcinol on GBC-SD cells may be associated with the suppression of Stat3 and Akt signaling pathways, which may contribute to inhibiting their downstream targets such as mRNA levels of MMP2 and MMP9.

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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: July 1, 2018

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  • Pharmazie is a leading journal in the field of pharmaceutical sciences. As a peer-reviewed scientific journal, Pharmazie is regularly indexed in the relevant databases like Web of science, Journal Citation Reports and many others. The journal is open for submissions from the whole spectrum of pharnaceutical sciences including Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology, Drug Analysis, Pharmaceutics, Pharmaceutical Biology, Clinical Pharmacy etc.
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