Preparation, characterization and antiproliferative activity of thymoquinone-β-cyclodextrin self assembling nanoparticles
Thymoquinone (TQ) was complexed with β-cyclodextrin (CD) to form nanosized aggregates. Various TQ:CD ratios were tested and it was found that the ratio of (1:0.25) TQ:CD formed distinguishable nanoparticles with minimum toxicity towards normal cells. These nanoparticles had an average size of 445 ± 100 nm with a charge 21.8 mV using Zeta-sizer. Particle size measurement using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) showed an average size of 400 nm and it also revealed the presence of smaller structures, with an average size of 50 nm. The in vitro antiproliferative activity on MCF7 cells was determined using MTT assay and an IC50 of 4.70 ± 0.60 μM for TQ-CD nanoparticles in comparison to 24.09 ± 2.35 μM of free TQ solution after 72 h of incubation. Simultaneously, TQ-CD nanoparticles showed lesser toxicity than TQ solution using human periodontal fibroblasts as a model for normal cells. It could be concluded from the results that TQ loaded cyclodextrin nanoparticles might serve as a potential nanocarrier to improve TQ solubility as well as its antiproliferative activity with little toxicity to normal tissues.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: December 1, 2013
More about this publication?
- Pharmazie is a leading journal in the field of pharmaceutical sciences. As a peer-reviewed scientific journal, Pharmazie is regularly indexed in the relevant databases like Web of science, Journal Citation Reports and many others. The journal is open for submissions from the whole spectrum of pharnaceutical sciences including Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology, Drug Analysis, Pharmaceutics, Pharmaceutical Biology, Clinical Pharmacy etc.
- Information for Authors
- Submit a Paper
- Subscribe to this Title
- Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites