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Open Access “Man sollte die Entwicklung nicht hemmen” – Fritz Hauschild (1908–1974) und die Arzneimittelforschung der DDR

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Das von dem Chemiker und Pharmakologen Fritz Hauschild in den 1930er-Jahren entwickelte Stimulans Pervitin® (Metamphetamin) zählt nicht zuletzt wegen seines Missbrauchs im Zweiten Weltkrieg (“Fliegerschokolade”) zu den umstrittensten Substanzen der Arzneimittelgeschichte. Beinahe vergessen sind hingegen Hauschilds Beiträge zum Aufbau des Arzneimittelwesens in der DDR. Obgleich überzeugter Kommunist, warnte der erfahrene Pharmakologe sehr frühzeitig vor der drohenden Innovationsschwäche der DDR-Pharmaindustrie. Ein 1964 an den Gesundheitsminister Max Sefrin (geb. 1913) gerichtetes Schreiben ließ an Deutlichkeit nichts zu wünschen übrig.

Fritz Hauschild (1908–1974) and drug research in the ‘German Democratic Republic’ (GDR)

The chemist and pharmacologist Fritz Hauschild developed the sympathomimetic agent Pervitin® (metamphetamin) in the 1930s. Not only because of the abuse of the stimulant during the Second World War (‘pilot's chocolate’) it is one of the most controversial substances in drug history. Nearly forgotten are Hauschild's contributions to build up the drug system in the GDR. Although he was a convinced communist, the skilful pharmacologist gave very early warning of the imminent lack of innovation in the GDR pharmaceutical industry. A letter which he addressed to the Minister of Health, Max Sefrin (born 1913), did not lack explicitness.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Hermann-Schelenz-Institut für Pharmazie- und Kulturgeschichte e. V. Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany 2: Ackerstraße 13, Berlin, 10115, Germany, Email: [email protected]

Publication date: June 1, 2005

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  • Pharmazie is a leading journal in the field of pharmaceutical sciences. As a peer-reviewed scientific journal, Pharmazie is regularly indexed in the relevant databases like Web of science, Journal Citation Reports and many others. The journal is open for submissions from the whole spectrum of pharnaceutical sciences including Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology, Drug Analysis, Pharmaceutics, Pharmaceutical Biology, Clinical Pharmacy etc.
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