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The Impact of Perceived Barriers, Academic Anxiety, and Resource Management Strategies on Achievement in First-Year Community College Students

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The current study explored the impact of internal and external barriers (e.g., academic anxiety, employment) that place subgroups of college students at risk for academic failure in the first year. The mitigating potential of academic resource management strategies (e.g., time-study environment) was also examined. In a sample of 885 first-semester male and female community college students, analyses revealed significant group differences wherein late-starter females (ages 23-27) reported experiencing the highest degree of perceived barriers. This group also demonstrated lower achievement and less effective resource management skills. Although other groups reported similar levels of barriers to academic success, they tended to have fewer decrements in performance than the late starters, perhaps because they have more resource management strategies employed to cope with such barriers. This research provides an avenue for early identification of barriers that may threaten first-year achievement as well as an understanding of factors that facilitate academic resiliency.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: March 1, 2017

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of The First-Year Experience and Students in Transition is a semiannual refereed journal providing current research on the first college year and other significant student transitions. The primary purpose of the Journal is to disseminate empirical research findings on student transition issues that inform practice in all sectors of postsecondary education, such as explorations into the academic, personal, and social experiences (including outcomes related to success, learning, and development) of students at a range of transition points throughout the college years; transition issues unique to specific populations (e.g., non-traditional, traditional, historically underrepresented students, transfer students, commuters, part-time students); and explorations of faculty development, curriculum, and pedagogical innovations connected to college transitions.
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