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Open Access The Effects of Mallet Training on Self-Efficacy and Processing Speed in Beginning Adult Musicians

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The purpose of this research was to examine the effects of mallet training on self-efficacy and processing speed in older adults. Twenty adults, M age = 73.15, SD = 4.38, were recruited and matched by age, gender, and estimate of intelligence, to two eight-week training groups: mallet training and autobiographical writing. The mallet training group completed eight, two-hour group classes with an emphasis on music reading and musical improvisation. Autobiographical writing, an active control task, included creative writing based upon prompts. Participants completed standard cognitive measures, pre- and post- training. Results of a MANOVA showed enhanced musical self-efficacy for the experimental group, F(1, 18) = 6.439, p = 0.021, and a trend in general self-efficacy, F(1, 18) = 3.762, p = 0.068, post-training. Results showed a trend for the experimental group on the Trail Making Test Card B, F(1, 18) = 3.777, p = 0.068, compared to controls. This research suggests that mallet training may enhance musical self- efficacy which may increase the likelihood for continued music participation. Mallet training programs may serve as appropriate course offering for beginning older adult musicians.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: February 1, 2019

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  • Research Perspectives in Music Education is the peer-reviewed biannual research journal of the Florida Music Educators Association. The journal publishes music education research using qualitative, quantitative, philosophical, historical, or theoretical methodologies and also reviews of literature with critical synthesis.
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