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Open Access DFT Study of dimers of dimethyl sulfoxide in gas phase

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Density functional (DFT) calculations at M05-2x/aug-cc-pVDZ level were used to analyze the interactions between dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) dimers. The structures obtained have been ana-lyzed with the Atoms in Molecules (AIMs) and Natural Bond Orbital (NBO) methodologies. Four minima were located on the potential energy surface of the dimers. Three types of interac-tions are observed, CH•••O, CH•••S hydrogen bonds and orthogonal interaction between the lone pair of the oxygen with the electron-deficient region of the sulfur atom. Stabilization energies of dimers including BSSE and ZPE are in the range 27–40 kJmol-1. The most stable conformers of dimers at DFT level is cyclic structure with antiparallel orientation of S=O groups pairing with three C–H∙∙∙O and a S∙∙∙O interactions.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Modeling and Optimization Research Center in Science and Engineering, South Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran, P.O. BOX 11365-4435 2: Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, Arak University, Arak 38156-8-8349, Iran

Publication date: January 1, 2014

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