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Open Access The anti-angiogenic and antibacterial effect of Tinomiscium philippinense Miers. (Menispermaceae) leaf extract

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Objective: To determine the toxicity profile, anti-angiogenic and antibacterial activity of the crude and semi-crude leaf extracts of Tinomiscium philippinense (T. philippinense). Methods: The leaves of T. philippinense were extracted with methanol and partitioned with solvents of different polarities, namely, hexane, dichloromethane and butanol. The extracts were subjected to duck chorioallantoic membrane assay to establish its anti-angiogenic property. Microwell assay was utilized to determine the minimum inhibitory concentration and minimum bactericidal concentration of the different extracts of the plant. Results: The dichloromethane leaf extract of T. philippinense at 1 000 µg/disc showed the highest anti-angiogenic activity with 37.46% inhibition. All the fractions exhibited a bacteriostatic and bactericidal effect on the three bacterial strains with Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a Gram negative lactose fermenter exhibiting a higher sensitivity to dichloromethane semi-crude extract among the treatment groups. For the toxicity test, no mortality and no change in behavior were observed in the Sprague-Dawley rats 14 days after the oral administration of the plant extracts. The methanolic leaf extract of T. philippinense is non-toxic at a maximum dose of 5000 mg/kg. Conclusions: The dichloromethane leaf extract of T. philippinense is a potential antiangiogenic endemic plant species. This plant extract is also a potential antibacterial candidate as determined by microwell assay. The anti-angiogenic and antibacterial activity of the plant may be attributed to the essential oil, steroid, flavonoid, sterol and triterpene content of the plant.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: The Graduate School, University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines 2: The Graduate School, University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines; College of Science, University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines; Research Center for the Natural and Applied Sciences, University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines 3: The Graduate School, University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines; Research Center for the Natural and Applied Sciences, University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines; College of Nursing, University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines

Publication date: January 1, 2016

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