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Open Access Crystal structures of four new iridium complexes, each containing a highly flexible carbodiphosphorane PCP pincer ligand

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Compound [Ir(C8H12)(C51H45P4)]Cl2 or [Ir(cod)(CH(dppm)2-κ3P,C,P)]Cl2 (1a), was obtained from [IrCl(cod)]2 and the carbodiphosphorane (CDP) salt [CH(dppm)2]Cl [where cod = cycloocta-1,5-diene and dppm = bis(diphenylphosphino)methane]. Treatment of 1a with thallium(I) trifluoromethanesulfonate [Tl(OTf)] and subsequent crystallization gave complex [Ir(C8H12)(C51H45P4)](OTf)2·CH3CO2C2H5·CH2Cl2 or [Ir(cod)(CH(dppm)2-κ3P,C,P)](OTf)2·CH3CO2C2H5·CH2Cl2 (1b) [systematic name: (cycloocta-1,5-diene)(1,1,3,3,5,5,7,7-octaphenyl-1,7-diphospha-3,5-diphosphoniaheptan-4-yl)iridium(I) bis(trifluoromethanesulfonate)–ethyl acetate–dichloromethane (1/1/1)]. This five-coordinate iridium(I) complex cation adopts a trigonal–bipyramidal geometry with the CDP carbon and one cod double bond in axial sites. Compound 1b represents the first example of a non-meridional coordination of the PCP pincer ligand [CH(dppm)2]+ with a P—Ir—P angle of 98.08 (2)°. Compound 2, [IrCl2H(C51H44P4)]·(CH3)2CO or [IrCl2H(C(dppm)2-κ3P,C,P)]·(CH3)2CO [systematic name: dichloridohydrido(1,1,3,3,5,5,7,7-octaphenyl-1,5λ5,7-triphospha-3-phosphoniahept-4-en-4-yl)iridium(III) acetone monosolvate], crystallizes as an acetone monosolvate. It is a six-coordinate IrIII coordination compound. Here, the PCP pincer ligand is coordinated in a meridional manner; one chlorido ligand is positioned trans to the carbon donor, the remaining two coordination sites being occupied by the second chlorido and a hydrido ligand trans to each other. Complex 3, [IrCl2H(C51H45P4)]Cl·5H2O or [IrCl2H(CH(dppm)2-κ3P,C,P)]Cl·5H2O [systematic name: dichloridohydrido(1,1,3,3,5,5,7,7-octaphenyl-1,7-diphospha-3,5-diphosphoniaheptan-4-yl)iridium(III) chloride pentahydrate], represents the conjugate CH acid of 2. The ligand [CH(dppm)2]+ is coordinated in a meridional manner. In the cationic six-coordinate IrIII complex 4, [IrClH(CO)(C51H44P4)]Cl·2CH3OH·H2O or [IrClH(CO)(C(dppm)2-κ3P,C,P)]Cl·2CH3OH·H2O [systematic name: carbonylchloridohydrido(1,1,3,3,5,5,7,7-octaphenyl-1,5λ5,7-triphospha-3-phosphoniahept-4-en-4-yl)iridium(III) chloride–methanol–water (1/2/1)], the chlorido ligand is found in the plane defined by the Ir center and the meridional PCP ligand; the H and CO ligands are positioned axially to this plane and trans to each other.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Institute of General, Inorganic, and Theoretical Chemistry, University of Innsbruck, Innrain 80-82, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria

Publication date: January 1, 2018

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